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DBMS > JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Vector DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.94
Rank#129  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score29.04
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.31
Rank#113  Overall
#3  Vector DBMS
Websitejanusgraph.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbmilvus.io
Technical documentationdocs.janusgraph.orglearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusMicrosoft
Initial release201720142019
Current release0.6.3, February 20232.3.4, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageJavaC++, Go
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesVector, Numeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptno
TriggersyesJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Bounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelRole based access control and fine grained access rights
More information provided by the system vendor
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMilvus
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more

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More resources
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMilvus
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