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DBMS > JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

System Properties Comparison JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasets
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.65
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
Score31.33
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.54
Rank#66  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Websitejanusgraph.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tables
Technical documentationdocs.janusgraph.org/­latestdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201720142012
Current release0.4.0, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptno
TriggersyesJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signatures

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More resources
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
Recent citations in the news

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

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8 May 2019, Database Trends and Applications

The year of the graph: Getting graphic, going native, reshaping the landscape
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The Graph Database Poised To Pounce On The Mainstream
19 September 2018, The Next Platform

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Azure Cosmos DB now has support for built-in Jupyter notebooks
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Good news: Microsoft's Azure Data Box Disk is here. Bad news: UK South Storage is having a liedown
10 January 2019, The Register

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8 February 2019, MarTech Advisor

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