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DBMS > JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.94
Rank#129  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score29.04
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitejanusgraph.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.janusgraph.orglearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusMicrosoft
Initial release20172014
Current release0.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScript
TriggersyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Recent citations in the news

Database Deep Dives: JanusGraph
8 August 2019, IBM

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

Simple Deployment of a Graph Database: JanusGraph | by Edward Elson Kosasih
12 October 2020, Towards Data Science

Compose for JanusGraph arrives on Bluemix
15 September 2017, IBM

Nordstrom Builds Flexible Backend Ops with Kubernetes, Spark and JanusGraph
3 October 2019, The New Stack

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