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DBMS > Interbase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Interbase vs. Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInterbase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight proven RDBMS infooriginally from BorlandMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.74
Rank#62  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score143.44
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#162  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#337  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitewww.embarcadero.com/­products/­interbasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.embarcadero.com/­products/­interbasedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperEmbarcaderoMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)8Kdata
Initial release1984199219842016
Current releaseInterBase 2020, December 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20197.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
iOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsHP Open VMSAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoexport as XML data possiblenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Object Pascal
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoInterbase procedure and trigger languageyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInterbase Change ViewsnoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingyes, on a single nodeno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMultiversion concurreny controlyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles

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More resources
InterbaseMicrosoft AccessOracle RdbToroDB
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