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DBMS > InterSystems IRIS vs. Lovefield vs. Nebula Graph vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison InterSystems IRIS vs. Lovefield vs. Nebula Graph vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.25
Rank#119  Overall
#22  Document stores
#23  Key-value stores
#2  Object oriented DBMS
#59  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#169  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.17
Rank#295  Overall
#19  Search engines
Websitewww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irisgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
github.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
weaviate.io
Technical documentationdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.nebula-graph.ioweaviate.io/­developers/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperInterSystemsGoogleVesoft Inc.SeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release2018201420192017
Current release2021.1, June 20212.1.12, February 20171.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++Go
Server operating systemsAIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinux
Data schemedepending on used data modelyesStrong typed schemayes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternSQL-like query languageGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScriptC++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
TriggersyesUsing read-only observersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocolyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infousing MemoryDByesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesnoRole-based access controlOpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
InterSystems IRISLovefieldNebula GraphWeaviate
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
As a stand-alone vector search engine, or use one of the many modules (transformers,...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
A ll companies that have data. ​
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
Weaviate is open-source, and free to use. We also offer Fully managed Weaviate on...
» more

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More resources
InterSystems IRISLovefieldNebula GraphWeaviate
DB-Engines blog posts

Weaviate, an ANN Database with CRUD support
2 February 2021,  Etienne Dilocker, SeMI Technologies (sponsor) 

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