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DBMS > Ingres vs. SingleStore vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. SingleStore vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table typeSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.68
Rank#71  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score6.11
Rank#65  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score19.78
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­databases/­ingreswww.singlestore.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.singlestore.comspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperActian CorporationSingleStore Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s20132014
Current release11.2, May 20228.5, January 20243.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStoreDB Cloud: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageCC++, GoScala
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux info64 bit version requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infobut no triggers and foreign keysSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
MongoDB API
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesBash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslySharding infohash partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres ReplicatorSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculations
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine grained access control via users, groups and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
IngresSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsSingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesSingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
IngresSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Turbocharge Your Application Development Using WebAssembly With SingleStoreDB
17 October 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

Cloud-Based Analytics With SingleStoreDB
9 June 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

SingleStore: The Increasing Momentum of Multi-Model Database Systems
14 February 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

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