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DBMS > Ingres vs. PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.50
Rank#56  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score478.89
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.37
Rank#222  Overall
#11  RDF stores
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.postgresql.orgrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingreswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperActian CorporationPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2004
Current release11.0, April 201711.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageCCJava
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslypartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres ReplicatorMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
IngresPostgreSQLRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
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Conferences and events

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

DigitalOcean Adds PostgreSQL Database To Its Growing Portfolio Of Managed Services
16 February 2019, Forbes

Get started with PostgreSQL on Azure
5 February 2019, InfoWorld

The 28 Best Data Integration Software Tools for 2019
28 November 2018, Solutions Review

Connecting To The Outside World with Perl and Database Events
19 November 2018, iProgrammer

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PostgreSQL 12 released with performance improvements and much more
13 May 2019, Packt Hub

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17 May 2019, Toolbox

Crunchy Data Announces Red Hat OpenShift Operator Certification Of Crunchy PostgreSQL For Kubernetes 4.0
8 May 2019, PRNewswire

Should I Support Postgres In-House?
23 April 2019, Computer Business Review

Shove this in your orafce: Microsoft fiddles with cloudy databases as Build 2019 recedes
16 May 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

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13 May 2019, InfoWorld

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10 April 2019, PRNewswire

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