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DBMS > Ingres vs. Oracle vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. Oracle vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSWidely used RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.15
Rank#74  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score1221.06
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score125.38
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­databases/­ingreswww.oracle.com/­databasewww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperActian CorporationOracleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s19802014
Current release11.2, May 202221c, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions
Triggersyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslySharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
IngresOracleSnowflake
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Recent citations in the news

Postgres pioneer Michael Stonebraker promises to upend the database once more
26 December 2023, The Register

PostgreSQL now top developer choice ahead of MySQL, according to massive new survey • DEVCLASS
13 June 2023, DevClass

Actian Launches Ingres as a Fully-Managed Cloud Service
24 September 2021, Integration Developers

Dr. Michael Stonebraker: A Short History of Database Systems
1 February 2019, The New Stack

CA sets Ingres database free
1 November 2004, CNET

provided by Google News

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13 December 2023, blogs.oracle.com

Microsoft and Oracle announce that Oracle Database@Azure is now generally available
13 December 2023, Microsoft

Oracle Announces the General Availability of Oracle Database@Azure
13 December 2023, PR Newswire

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19 September 2023, blogs.oracle.com

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14 September 2023, Microsoft

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TransUnion announces data clean room partnership with Snowflake
28 February 2024, MarTech

Former Snowflake and Microsoft execs back new data governance startup Codified
27 February 2024, GeekWire

Dune partners with Snowflake to make blockchain data more accessible
27 February 2024, Blockworks

Snowflake's stock tumbles as CEO Frank Slootman steps down and outlook weakens
28 February 2024, SiliconANGLE News

Snowflake CEO Slootman steps down, Ramaswamy takes over
29 February 2024, TechTarget

provided by Google News



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