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DBMS > Ingres vs. Oracle vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. Oracle vs. SingleStore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSWidely used RDBMSMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table type
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.96
Rank#70  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score1250.31
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score7.53
Rank#56  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.oracle.com/­databasewww.singlestore.com
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.singlestore.com
DeveloperActian CorporationOracleSingleStore Inc.
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s19802013
Current release11.0, April 201721c, January 20217.6, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageCC and C++C++, Go
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux info64 bit version required
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infobut no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslySharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infohash partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculations
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine grained access control via users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
IngresOracleSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsSingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesSingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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More resources
IngresOracleSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
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Conferences and events

How Nucleus Security Drove 4X Throughput with Distributed SQL
Webinar, 09:00AM PST, 8 December 2022

Recent citations in the news

Actian’s plan for the AI era
27 May 2022, Protocol

Actian Launches Ingres as a Fully-Managed Cloud Service
24 September 2021, Integration Developers

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative at Actian Hybrid Data Conference 2021
25 May 2021, Business Wire

Neon nabs $30M to build a scalable cloud service for Postgres databases
26 July 2022, TechCrunch

DataStax Astra DB gets Change Data Capture
25 April 2022, iProgrammer

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Twelve Labs Receives $12M in Seed Round, Partners with Oracle
7 December 2022, Database Trends and Applications

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6 December 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Google, Oracle, Amazon and Microsoft awarded Pentagon cloud deal of up to $9 billion combined
7 December 2022, CNBC

Quest Looks Ahead to Trends in 2023
7 December 2022, Database Trends and Applications

Top Data Virtualization Tools | eWEEK
30 November 2022, eWeek

provided by Google News

MotherDuck raises $47.5M for open source DuckDB database
15 November 2022, TechTarget

SingleStore raises $30M more to bring its database tech to new customers
4 October 2022, TechCrunch

MotherDuck scores $47.5m to prove scale-up databases are not quackers
17 November 2022, The Register

SingleStore raises additional cash to grow database business
12 July 2022, TechCrunch

Relational Database Management System Market Size and Share 2023 by Industry Chain, Manufacturing Process, Growth Rate, Cost Structure and Forecast to 2027 | with CAGR of 11.38%
7 December 2022, Digital Journal

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