DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Ingres vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. Oracle vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSWidely used RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.36
Rank#58  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score1345.00
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score555.06
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperActian CorporationOraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s19801989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release11.0, April 201719c, February 201913.1, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC and C++C
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
IngresOraclePostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
IngresOraclePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

ONS turns to Diegesis for Ingres support -
2 September 2020, Enterprise Times

Diegesis secures two-year managed services deal with the ONS
29 August 2020, SME Magazine

Why MongoDB is 'fundamentally better' for developers
10 August 2020, OmniChannel Media

Actian Avalanche Real-Time Connected Data Warehouse adds integration
28 April 2020, TechTarget

Do we need so many databases?
30 June 2020, ARNnet

provided by Google News

What are the Steps to Become Oracle Database Certified?
29 November 2020, IMC Grupo

Oracle Calls Out AWS on Exadata Cloud Service, Shares Customer Wins
13 November 2020, Cloud Wars

Oracle Flies Overall Leader Flag Over AWS Camp
5 November 2020, SDxCentral

Druva Is All Set To Deliver Data Protection For Oracle Databases To Industries
18 November 2020, Entrepreneur

Druva Delivers Industries Most Efficient Data Protection for Oracle Databases in Hybrid Environments
17 November 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Developers increasingly pair MongoDB with PostgreSQL, survey finds
3 November 2020, TechRepublic

Swarm64 DA 5.0 Brings HTAP to the Open Source PostgreSQL Database
2 November 2020, AiThority

EDB Drives Further Postgres Innovation with Release of EDB 13
17 November 2020, DevOps.com

SQL Market Next Big Thing | Major Giants MySQL, PostgreSQL, Sybase
28 November 2020, The Haitian-Caribbean News Network

Database Management System Market Next Big Thing | IBM, Oracle, PostgreSQL
26 November 2020, Cheshire Media

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Systems Analyst
Teradyne Infotech, Farmington Hills, MI

Senior Programmer/Analyst
American Mathematical Society, Ann Arbor, MI

Systems Engineer (Junior)
Enterprise Information Services, Inc., Elizabeth City, NC

Applications Systems Analyst/Programmer/ Software Developer (Intermediate)
COMPQSOFT, Elizabeth City, NC

ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, INTEGRATION & DEVELOPMENT
University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Entry Level Database Developer
IMG-Crown Energy Services Joint Venture, LLC, Remote

Junior Database Administrator
Virginia Dept of Alcoholic Beverage Control, Richmond, VA

Junior Database Administrator
Virginia ABC, Virginia

Parts Associate
Niagara Bottling, Florence, SC

Oracle Database Administrator (DBA)
C3 Business Solutions, Newport Beach, CA

Jr. Software Engineer
Buzz Points, Inc., Remote

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Hiring Fullstack Developer (NodeJS,ExpressJs, React.js, Angular JS ,VueJS) - Work From Home
TDG, Ridgefield Park, NJ

PostgreSQL DBA II - Americas - remote
Percona, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here