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DBMS > Ingres vs. OpenQM vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. OpenQM vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonOpenQM infoalso called QM  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSQpenQM is a high-performance, self-tuning, multi-value DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.11
Rank#70  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#286  Overall
#10  Multivalue DBMS
Score1238.25
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.openqm.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingreswww.openqm.com/­support/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperActian CorporationMartin PhillipsOracle
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s19931980
Current release11.0, April 20173.4-1219c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyes infowith some exceptionsyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
Basic
C
Java
Objective C
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyyesSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres ReplicatoryesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
IngresOpenQM infoalso called QMOracle
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Conferences and events

Oracle Cloud World
Las Vegas, 17-20 October 2022

Recent citations in the news

Open source databases: What are they and why do they matter?
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Actian’s plan for the AI era
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Actian Launches Ingres as a Fully-Managed Cloud Service
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