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DBMS > Ingres vs. MySQL vs. Realm vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. MySQL vs. Realm vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.65
Rank#65  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score9.51
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score128.65
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.mysql.comrealm.iowww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdev.mysql.com/­docrealm.io/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperActian CorporationOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s199520142000
Current release11.0, April 20178.0.26, July 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageCC and C++C
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersyesyesyes infoChange Listenersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-Memory realmyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
IngresMySQLRealmSQLite
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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