DBMS > Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sadas Engine
System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sadas Engine
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Ingres Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||Sadas Engine Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Well established RDBMS||Microsofts flagship relational DBMS||SADAS Engine is a columnar DBMS specifically designed for high performance in Data warehouse environments|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Actian Corporation||Microsoft||SADAS s.r.l.|
|Initial release||1974 originally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s||1989||2006|
|Current release||11.0, April 2017||SQL Server 2019, November 2019||8.0|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial free trial version available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||AIX|
HP Open VMS
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no but tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files available||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||.NET Client API|
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning Ingres Star to access multiple databases simultaneously||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||horizontal partitioning|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Ingres Replicator||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes MVCC||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||yes managed by 'Learn by Usage'|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard|
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|Ingres||Microsoft SQL Server||Sadas Engine|
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