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DBMS > Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.50
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#95  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlvaticle.com
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperActian CorporationMicrosoftSAPGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s198920102016
Current release11.0, April 2017SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20202.3, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyesno
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, Rno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyesSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionyesMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
IngresMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANATypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsTypeDB is a database technology that serves as the knowledge base foundation to intelligent...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of TypeDB allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
IngresMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANATypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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