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DBMS > Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.50
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#341  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hanagithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperActian CorporationMicrosoftSAPTerark
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s198920102016
Current release11.0, April 2017SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyesno
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, Rno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesno

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More resources
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