DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.77
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperActian CorporationMicrosoftOracle
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s19891980
Current release11.0, April 2017SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
IngresMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Actian Launches Ingres as a Fully-Managed Cloud Service
24 September 2021, Integration Developers

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative
25 May 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Staying power: the growing impact of PostgreSQL on enterprise marks Postgres Vision 2021
15 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Essentials: What Tapes to Use for Art and Conservation
19 January 2022, ARTnews

PostgreSQL 14 Is Here - A Look At Its Past And Future
1 October 2021, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

PureCM Supports SQL Server with Current Release of its Version Control Solution
31 July 2010, Database Journal

Domainless Access to MS SQL Server Tutorial
30 December 2021, Security Boulevard

SQL Server 2005 Express Edition - Part 32 - Distributed Service Broker Environment - Conducting Dialogs
10 October 2008, databasejournal.com

Line Numbers in SQL Server Management Studio
4 September 2018, Database Journal

SQL Server Transformation Market Report SWOT Analysis by 2031 | Oracle, Microsoft, Sap Se, Ibm – The Oxford Spokesman
24 January 2022, The Oxford Spokesman

provided by Google News

IBM Preconfigures Power System Racks Running Oracle Database
17 January 2022, IT Jungle

New Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Services Authorized for the US Government
24 January 2022, HPCwire

Oracle joins the race for Africa with its first African data centre
24 January 2022, TechCabal

Everstream Analytics Supply Chain Risk Solutions Now Available on Oracle Cloud Marketplace
24 January 2022, GlobeNewswire

3 Stocks Insiders Are Buying: Oracle, Consumer Portfolio Services And More - Benzinga
24 January 2022, Benzinga

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Developer
COMPQSOFT, Elizabeth City, NC

Sr. SQL Database Administrator (Remote)
Taylor Corporation, North Mankato, MN

Jr. Systems Engineer (VLS)
Cognosante, LLC, Elizabeth City, NC

Intelligence Analyst (Power Systems)
CACI, Dahlgren, VA

Systems Analyst
Teradyne Infotech, Farmington Hills, MI

SQL SERVER DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR- REMOTE
INFOSYNC SERVICES LLC, Wichita, KS

SQL Server Database Administrators
Ziras Technologies, Newark, DE

SQL Server DBA
Triune Infomatics Inc, Oakland, CA

SQL Server Support Engineer
Covestic, Remote

SQL Server DBA
Viviente Software, Floresville, TX

Database - Oracle Developer - ETL
Bank of America, Plano, TX

Oracle Database Developer
Pinnacle Group, Plano, TX

Oracle Database Administrator - Full-time
Reqsta LLC, Austin, TX

Database Administrator (Oracle)
GXO Logistics, High Point, NC

Oracle Database Administrator 3/Senior Oracle Database Administrator
MidAmerican Energy, Las Vegas, NV

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here