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DBMS > Ingres vs. MarkLogic vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. MarkLogic vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.50
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score9.43
Rank#49  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.marklogic.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.marklogic.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperActian CorporationMarkLogic Corp.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s20011989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release11.0, April 20179.0, 201714.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC++C
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoSQL92yes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres ReplicatoryesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes, with Range Indexesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
IngresMarkLogicPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
IngresMarkLogicPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Recent citations in the news

Actian Launches Ingres as a Fully-Managed Cloud Service
24 September 2021, Integration Developers

PostgreSQL 14 Is Here - A Look At Its Past And Future
1 October 2021, iProgrammer

Top 9 Data Modeling Tools & Software 2021
6 October 2021, IT Business Edge

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative
25 May 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative at Actian Hybrid Data Conference 2021
25 May 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Global Enterprise Database Systems Market 2021 Future Set to Massive Growth | Top Key Player – Oracle Corporation, Embarcadero Technologies, SAP, IBM Corporation, MarkLogic, Hewlett-Packard, Microsoft Corporation – Radford University Athletics
15 October 2021, Radford University Athletics

MarkLogic Corporation Announces Solution Accelerators for the MarkLogic Data Hub for Medicaid
10 August 2021, Business Wire

MarkLogic Data Hub Central Now Available, Bringing Agility and Ease of Use to Data Integration and Management
1 April 2021, Business Wire

RDF Databases Software Market Size, Trends 2021, Growth, Share, Trends And Forecast to 2028 | Marklogic, Ontotext, The Apache Software Foundation, Franz – Otterbein 360
13 October 2021, Otterbein 360

Global Hadoop Software and Integration Market 2021 Share, Size Global Key Trends, Industry Demand, Key Findings, Regional Analysis, Growth Factors , Key Players Profiles, Future Prospects and Forecasts to 2025 – Otterbein 360
12 October 2021, Otterbein 360

provided by Google News

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

PostgreSQL 14 improves open source database performance
30 September 2021, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 14 brings performance boosts
1 October 2021, InfoWorld

Open-source veteran PostgreSQL emits release 14: Tweaked, scalable, and ready to get heavy
1 October 2021, The Register

Postgresql 14 Is Now Available, Check The New Features
6 October 2021, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

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