DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Informix vs. LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Informix vs. LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Postgres-XL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInformix  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides IBM Db2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.84
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score2.94
Rank#101  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score104.36
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#203  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­products/­informixgithub.com/­google/­leveldbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
github.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarywww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.GoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release1984201120092014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release14.10.FC5, November 20201.23, February 202110.6.5, November 202110 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC, C++ and JavaC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3user defined functions
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
InformixLevelDBMariaDBPostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
InformixLevelDBMariaDBPostgres-XL
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Event Driven Architectures of Scale
19 November 2021, InfoQ.com

Is PHP Interpreter Still a Good Programming Language?
2 December 2021, CEOWORLD magazine

Google Cloud Appoints Subram Natarajan As The Director of Customer Engineering
15 November 2021, Analytics India Magazine

IBM CEO Arvind Krishna's 'Deeply, Deeply Passionate' Plan To Make IBM-Red Hat No. 1 In Hybrid Cloud, AI
22 February 2021, CRN

Current Database Trends & Applications 2021
15 August 2021, Datamation

provided by Google News

Speedb is a drop-in replacement for RocksDB that wants to take the embedded key-value store world by storm
17 November 2021, ZDNet

Syncing Hyperledger Fabric StateDB (CouchDB) to Elasticsearch - Latest Digital Transformation Trends | Cloud News
4 November 2021, Wire19

Malicious npm package caught trying to steal sensitive Discord and browser files
28 August 2020, ZDNet

Squeezing More Performance Out Of The Linux Kernel With Clang + LTO
21 July 2021, Phoronix

The best IoT databases for the edge – an overview and guide
15 October 2020, AZ Big Media

provided by Google News

Distributed SQL database is the 'next wave,' says tech vet
30 November 2021, SiliconANGLE News

How to install OTRS on AlmaLinux 8 / Rocky Linux 8
6 November 2021, Linux Shout

How to Install WordPress on AlmaLinux 8 | Rocky Linux 8
3 December 2021, Linux Shout

How to install MySQL 8.0 Server on Debian 11 Bullseye
26 November 2021, Linux Shout

Latest MariaDB Community Server Release Boosts Open Source Advancements
23 June 2021, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Work From Home Technical Field Support Representative
ADT Security Services, Irving, TX

Support Analyst (remote)
Harris Computer Systems, Georgia

IVR / CVP Developer - Remote USA
TTEC, Charlotte, NC

Warehouse Quality Control Clerk
Inmar, Rural Hall, NC

BSA SharePoint
White Cap, Orlando, FL

Software Engineer - Time
DataDog, New York, NY

Product Manager
Rakuten Advertising, New York, NY

Senior Software Engineer
IT People, Morrisville, NC

Senior Software Engineer - FoundationDB
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Principal Engineer - Database Engineering
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Sr. MariaDB Specialist-Location Open
Deloitte, Davenport, IA

Head of Design (remote)
Percona, New York, NY

IT Service Desk Agent
Percona, United States

NOC Technician M/F
smartTrade, New York, NY

Contracts Specialist (remote)
Percona, Atlanta, GA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Present your product here