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DBMS > InfluxDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison InfluxDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. VelocityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.58
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score622.72
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#331  Overall
#35  Graph DBMS
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.postgresql.orgvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbwww.postgresql.org/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerVelocityDB Inc
Initial release20131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2011
Current release2.4, August 202214.5, August 20227.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoCC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
.Net
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
TriggersnoyesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoin enterprise version onlypartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlySource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage enginenoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
InfluxDBPostgreSQLVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value InfluxDB is available in all the popular languages and frameworks,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Developers are witnessing the instrumentation of every available...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has more than 1,300 paying customers, including customers include MuleSoft,...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to drive 23,500 GitHub stars Over 600,000 daily active instances
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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More resources
InfluxDBPostgreSQLVelocityDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Why Build a Time Series Data Platform?
20 July 2017, Paul Dix (guest author)

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

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Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

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