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DBMS > InfluxDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Prometheus

System Properties Comparison InfluxDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Prometheus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring system
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.15
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score620.46
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score6.53
Rank#68  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.postgresql.orgprometheus.io
Technical documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbwww.postgresql.org/­docsprometheus.io/­docs
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2015
Current release2.4, August 202214.5, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoCGo
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and StringsyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoImport of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoin enterprise version onlypartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlySource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes infoby Federation
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage enginenono
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
InfluxDBPostgreSQLPrometheus
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value InfluxDB is available in all the popular languages and frameworks,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Developers are witnessing the instrumentation of every available...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has more than 1,300 paying customers, including customers include MuleSoft,...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to drive 23,500 GitHub stars Over 600,000 daily active instances
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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More resources
InfluxDBPostgreSQLPrometheus
DB-Engines blog posts

Why Build a Time Series Data Platform?
20 July 2017, Paul Dix (guest author)

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Time Series DBMS as a new trend?
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Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
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Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

Getting Started Using Scripts with InfluxDB
29 August 2022, thenewstack.io

Faster MQTT Data Collection with InfluxDB
14 September 2022, thenewstack.io

Cisco's Network Management for CiscoLive Exhibits its Top-Tier Strategy for Network Optimization
26 September 2022, Database Trends and Applications

Flux: The Key to Edge Data Replication with InfluxDB
24 June 2022, thenewstack.io

InfluxData Announces InfluxDB Edge Data Replication
15 June 2022, businesswire.com

provided by Google News

Quest Software Announces Public Beta for SharePlex for PostgreSQL
22 September 2022, SDTimes.com

PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: Four Key Reasons to Choose the Former
22 September 2022, Solutions Review

Installing PostgreSQL on macOS - MUO
17 September 2022, MakeUseOf

Running PostgreSQL Inside Your Browser
8 September 2022, iProgrammer

PostgreSQL Optimizes Performance & Lower Memory Management Overhead
29 August 2022, Phoronix

provided by Google News

Optimizing Prometheus Implementations With Managed Services
16 September 2022, DevOps.com

5 distributed tracing tools to ease application monitoring
14 September 2022, TechTarget

Learn to manage Kubernetes costs with this Kubecost tutorial
20 September 2022, TechTarget

Consider Grafana vs. Prometheus for your time-series tools
18 October 2021, TechTarget

How Cloud Native Workloads Affect Cardinality over Time
22 September 2022, thenewstack.io

provided by Google News

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