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DBMS > InfluxDB vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison InfluxDB vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS infocurrently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.12
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score419.15
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score650.90
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.mongodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbwww.mongodb.com/­docs/­manualwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMongoDB, IncPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201320091989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.7.1, April 20236.0.7, June 202316.1, November 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
Implementation languageGoC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL Interfaceyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON over UDP
GraphQL
HTTP REST
Prisma
proprietary protocol using JSON
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoin enterprise version onlySharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infocan be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency infodefault behaviour
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage engineyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
InfluxDBMongoDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
MongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value InfluxDB is available in all the popular languages and frameworks,...
» more
Built around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Developers are witnessing the instrumentation of every available...
» more
AI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has more than 1,900 paying customers, including customers include MuleSoft,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsFastest-growing database to drive 25,500 GitHub stars Over 750,000 daily active instances
» more
Hundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
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