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DBMS > InfluxDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison InfluxDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score30.09
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score606.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.68
Rank#211  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.postgresql.orgrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlwww.postgresql.org/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release201320101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2004
Current release2.0.8, August 2021V1214.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageGoC++CJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoin enterprise version onlypartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
InfluxDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzurePostgreSQLRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
News

Security and extensibility enhancements are now available in Kapacitor 1.6.3
25 January 2022

Algist Bruggeman Uses Insights from InfluxDB to Optimize Industrial Processes and Production
25 January 2022

Why I Joined InfluxData – Patrick Williams
21 January 2022

Flux Join Tutorial – Enrich Time Series Data with Data from PostgreSQL
20 January 2022

Telegraf Best Practices: Config Recommendations and Performance Monitoring
18 January 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
InfluxDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzurePostgreSQLRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

Why Build a Time Series Data Platform?
20 July 2017, Paul Dix (guest author)

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Time Series DBMS as a new trend?
1 June 2015, Paul Andlinger

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
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Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

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Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
On Demand Talks, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Getting Started with Python and InfluxDB – The New Stack
21 January 2022, thenewstack.io

InfluxDB and IoT: Arduino Microcontroller Best Practices – The New Stack
5 January 2022, thenewstack.io

Getting Started with R and InfluxDB – The New Stack
17 December 2021, thenewstack.io

InfluxDB updates aimed at making it easier to build time-series database apps
26 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Scaling telemetry monitoring with InfluxDB
30 November 2021, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Data 2022 outlook, part one: Will data clouds get easier? Will streaming get off its own island?
3 January 2022, ZDNet

Understanding Dirty Reads: What NOLOCK Does to Your Queries
21 January 2022, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

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Dev's PostgreSQL experiment probes possibility of zero-downtime schema migration
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The PostgresSQL Transition Guide Helps You Make The Switch
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Crunchy Data Launches France Operations to Build on Momentum in Europe
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