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DBMS > InfluxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison InfluxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.59
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score27.12
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score638.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdblearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201320141989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.7.6, April 202416.3, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON over UDP
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
TriggersnoJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoin enterprise version onlySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
InfluxDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value InfluxDB is available in all the popular languages and frameworks,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Developers are witnessing the instrumentation of every available...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has more than 1,900 paying customers, including customers include MuleSoft,...
» more
Market metricsFastest-growing database to drive 27,500 GitHub stars Over 750,000 daily active instances
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
News

Java Date Format: A Detailed Guide
12 July 2024

Optimizing Space Technology: Fast Data Access with InfluxDB and Apache Parquet
10 July 2024

Dealing with Mountains of IoT Data: An IIoT World Webinar Reflection
3 July 2024

A Guide to CI/CD Pipeline Performance Monitoring
1 July 2024

Overcoming Connectivity Issues in Distributed Systems: Aerospace
28 June 2024

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
InfluxDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Why Build a Time Series Data Platform?
20 July 2017, Paul Dix (guest author)

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Time Series DBMS as a new trend?
1 June 2015, Paul Andlinger

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2023
2 January 2024, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
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Conferences, events and webinars

PASS Data Community Summit
Seattle, Washington, 4-8 November 2024

Recent citations in the news

Run and manage open source InfluxDB databases with Amazon Timestream
14 March 2024, AWS Blog

Amazon Timestream: Managed InfluxDB for Time Series Data
14 March 2024, The New Stack

How the FDAP Stack Gives InfluxDB 3.0 Real-Time Speed, Efficiency
15 March 2024, Datanami

InfluxData Collaborating with AWS to Bring InfluxDB and Time Series Analytics to Developers Around the World
14 March 2024, Business Wire

AWS and InfluxData partner to offer managed time series database Timestream for InfluxDB
5 April 2024, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Start your AI journey with Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB—compete for $10K
9 May 2024, Microsoft

How to use Azure Cosmos DB in .Net
10 July 2024, InfoWorld

Public Preview: DiskANN vector indexing and search in Azure Cosmos DB NoSQL
21 May 2024, Microsoft

Public preview: Filtered vector search in vCore-based Azure Cosmos DB for MongoDB
24 April 2024, Microsoft

Public Preview: vCore-based Azure Cosmos DB for MongoDB cross-region disaster recovery (DR)
21 May 2024, Microsoft

provided by Google News

Synopsis of several compelling features in PostgreSQL 16 | Amazon Web Services
12 July 2024, AWS Blog

Pg_lakehouse Makes PostgreSQL Quack
8 July 2024, iProgrammer

Managed PostgreSQL service provider Tembo raises $14M
3 July 2024, SiliconANGLE News

General availability: Azure Database for PostgreSQL - Flexible Server enhanced disaster recovery features
24 April 2024, Microsoft

DISA Releases Guidance to Securely Use Crunchy Data PostgreSQL Within DOD
27 June 2024, Executive Gov

provided by Google News



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