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DBMS > InfluxDB vs. MemSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

System Properties Comparison InfluxDB vs. MemSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storageFully managed big data interactive analytics platform
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.34
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score6.01
Rank#62  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score3.71
Rank#83  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.memsql.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorer
Technical documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.memsql.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer
DeveloperMemSQL Inc.Microsoft
Initial release201320132019
Current release1.8.0, April 20207.1.7, August 2020cloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availablecommercial infofree developer edition availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MemSQL Helios: The world's fastest, most capable cloud database for operational analytics, machine learning, & AI. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Linux info64 bit version requiredhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes, but no triggers and foreign keysKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subset
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON over UDP
JDBC
ODBC
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, R
Triggersnonoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicy
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoin enterprise version onlyShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlySource-replica replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency only within each nodeEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITEDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage engineyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAzure Active Directory Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
InfluxDBMemSQLMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
InfluxDBMemSQLMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer
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