DB-EnginesExtremeDB Active Replication featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > InfluxDB vs. LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison InfluxDB vs. LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.64
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score2.80
Rank#101  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score96.79
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#232  Overall
#111  Relational DBMS
Score3.69
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewgithub.com/­google/­leveldbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.postgres-xl.orgvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarywww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
OpenLink Software
Initial release2013201120092014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1998
Current release2.0.2, November 20201.23 , February 202110.5.10, May 202110 R1, October 201808.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageGoC++C and C++CC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
macOS
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3user defined functionsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoin enterprise version onlynoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlynoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Chain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage engineyes infowith MEMORY storage enginenoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
InfluxDBLevelDBMariaDBPostgres-XLVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

Release Announcement: InfluxDB Enterprise 1.9
17 June 2021

Release Announcement: Telegraf 1.19.0
17 June 2021

Release Announcement: InfluxDB OSS 2.0.7
7 June 2021

Announcement: InfluxDays North America 2021 Call for Papers is Open!
7 June 2021

Event Highlights: InfluxDays EMEA 2021 Virtual Experience
3 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
InfluxDBLevelDBMariaDBPostgres-XLVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Why Build a Time Series Data Platform?
20 July 2017, Paul Dix (guest author)

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Time Series DBMS as a new trend?
1 June 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

TrueCommand 2.0: Faster thanks to InfluxDB instead of PostgreSQL
14 June 2021, Market Research Telecast

Grafana 8.0 integrates with Prometheus alerting
8 June 2021, ZDNet

Rubin Observatory Goes Open Source to Capture Galactic Data
11 June 2021, InformationWeek

InfluxData Advances Possibilities of Time Series Data With General Availability of InfluxDB 2.0
10 November 2020, Business Wire

InfluxData releases InfluxDB Notebooks to enhance collaboration for teams working with time series data
14 April 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

The best IoT databases for the edge – an overview and guide
15 October 2020, AZ Big Media

Malicious npm package caught trying to steal sensitive Discord and browser files
28 August 2020, ZDNet

Inside the “fallguys” malware that steals your browsing data and gaming IMs; Continued attack on open source software
2 September 2020, Security Boulevard

Npm package caught stealing sensitive Discord and browser files
9 November 2020, ZDNet

Experts Warn of PS4 'Fall Guys' Malicious Code That May Steal Files From Your Game
29 August 2020, Tech Times

provided by Google News

SQL Market Quality & Quantity Analysis | Oracle Database, MariaDB, PostgreSQL, MySQL, Basho Technologies, MongoDB, MarkLogic Corporation – The Manomet Current
1 June 2021, The Manomet Current

How to install MariaDB 10 on AlmaLinux 8 or Rocky Linux - Linux Shout
3 June 2021, H2S Media

Database Software Market Global Insights 2021 – IBM, MariaDB Corporation Ab, SolarWinds, PostgreSQL, Airtable – The Manomet Current
31 May 2021, The Manomet Current

Postgres is hot, but developers haven't lost their love for MySQL. Here's why
21 May 2021, TechRepublic

MariaDB Now Available Via RPM
7 December 2020, IT Jungle

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

Interview with Frank Huerta and Mason Sharp on PostGres-XL
13 May 2014, opensource.com

PostgreSQL vs. Hadoop
20 August 2016, DZone News

The States Can't Blockchain - CoinDesk
1 March 2020, Coindesk

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer
DataDog, Denver, CO

Principal Engineer - Database Engineering
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Senior Software Engineer
IT People, Morrisville, NC

Senior Software Engineer - Database Engineering
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Product Manager
Rakuten Advertising, New York, NY

WordPress Developer
Spoonfly, Remote

Junior WordPress Developer for Law Firm Marketing Agency
The Modern Firm, LLC, Remote

Full-Time Database Developer
Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY

Laravel PHP Developer
Parcelytics, Remote

Global Affiliate Recruiter (freelance)
Percona, Remote

Senior Business Intelligence Engineer
OpenVPN Inc., Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here