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DBMS > InfluxDB vs. LevelDB vs. Lovefield vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison InfluxDB vs. LevelDB vs. Lovefield vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptWidely used in-process key-value storeVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Document store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.54
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score3.05
Rank#103  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
Score0.35
Rank#261  Overall
#121  Relational DBMS
Score3.27
Rank#98  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score4.81
Rank#78  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#43  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewgithub.com/­google/­leveldbgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperGoogleGoogleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleOpenLink Software
Initial release20132011201419941998
Current release2.0.8, August 20211.23, February 20212.1.12, February 201718.1.40, May 202008.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++JavaScriptC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsnoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionyes
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
JavaScript.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonononoyes infoVirtuoso PL
TriggersnonoUsing read-only observersyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoin enterprise version onlynonenonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlynonenoneSource-replica replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage engineyes infousing MemoryDByesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsnononoFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
InfluxDBLevelDBLovefieldOracle Berkeley DBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

Introduction to Time Series Forecasting with Tensorflow and InfluxDB
24 November 2021

Getting Started with Go and InfluxDB
19 November 2021

Notebook Sharing
18 November 2021

Release Announcement: Telegraf 1.20.4
18 November 2021

Monitoring Your Smart Home with InfluxDB and IFTTT
17 November 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
InfluxDBLevelDBLovefieldOracle Berkeley DBVirtuoso
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