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DBMS > Impala vs. SAP HANA vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. SAP HANA vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.82
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score50.20
Rank#23  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#85  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlhelp.sap.com/­hanahelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperClouderaSAPSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release201320101994
Current release4.1.0, June 20222.0 SPS06 (March 4, 2022), March 202216.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsLinuxAppliance or cloud-serviceAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceSQLScript, Ryes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
ImpalaSAP HANASAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

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24 October 2012, WIRED

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

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6 May 2013, Data Center Knowledge

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11 October 2022, Security Boulevard

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28 June 2022, Blocks and Files

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27 June 2019, TechTarget

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