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DBMS > Impala vs. Postgres-XL vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Postgres-XL vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.71
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#203  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.postgres-xl.orgtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperClouderaAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release20132014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2012
Current release3.4.0, April 202010 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functionsyes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
ImpalaPostgres-XLTitan
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Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

provided by Google News

Beyond Titan: The Evolution of DataStax's New Graph Database
21 June 2016, Datanami

DataStax acquires Aurelius, the startup behind the Titan graph database
3 February 2015, VentureBeat

TigerGraph Launches Graph Database-as-a-Service on Azure | eWEEK
16 July 2020, eWeek

TigerGraph, a graph database born to roar
19 September 2017, ZDNet

DataStax Grabs Aurelius In Graph Database Acqui-Hire
3 February 2015, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

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