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DBMS > Impala vs. PostgreSQL vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. PostgreSQL vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.92
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score623.16
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#352  Overall
#50  Document stores
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.postgresql.orgwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperClouderaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer8Kdata
Initial release20131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2016
Current release4.1.0, June 202215.1, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
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Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
ImpalaPostgreSQLToroDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

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24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

Cloudera's Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, WIRED

provided by Google News

How to Launch a PostgreSQL Database in the Cloud With AWS RDS - MUO
24 November 2022, MakeUseOf

New Features for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Flexible Server
4 November 2022, InfoQ.com

Azure CosmosDB for PostgreSQL Reaches General Availability
2 November 2022, iProgrammer

PostgreSQL multiple commands security bypass vulnerability [CVE-2022-1552]
14 November 2022, SystemTek

PostgreSQL 15 advances open source relational database
13 October 2022, TechTarget

provided by Google News

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