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DBMS > Impala vs. PostgreSQL vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. PostgreSQL vs. Teradata Aster

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.57
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score483.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.postgresql.orgwww.teradata.com/­products-and-services/­teradata-analytics-platform
Technical documentationwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperClouderaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTeradata
Initial release20131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2005
Current release3.3.0, August 201912.0, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.R packages
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ImpalaPostgreSQLTeradata Aster
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Apache Impala gets top-level status as open source Hadoop tool
1 December 2017, TechTarget

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 12
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
3 October 2019, DevClass

PostgreSQL puts the pedal to the metal with some smart indexing tweaks in version 12
4 October 2019, The Register

Percona packages PostgreSQL alongside existing MySQL and MongoDB products
1 October 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

Teradata ports Aster analytics to Hadoop
30 August 2016, ZDNet

An overview of the Teradata Aster Analytics platform
31 May 2017, TechTarget

Teradata Aster Analytics Going Places: On Hadoop and AWS
24 August 2016, PR Newswire

New Teradata CEO pursues cloud-based architecture
22 January 2019, TechTarget

Teradata Vantage: A Complete Solution for Analytics by Ron Powell
28 February 2019, B-EYE-Network

provided by Google News

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