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DBMS > Impala vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare Impala and PostgreSQL with Hive, Spark SQL and HBase.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.18
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score514.80
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperClouderaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.3.0, August 201912.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
ImpalaPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Due to COVID-19, it will be an online conference, 26-29 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Shark: Real-time queries and analytics for big data
26 November 2012, O'Reilly Radar

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL: Businesses choose open source for digital transformation
12 May 2020, TechHQ

Best practices for Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL cross-Region read replicas
26 May 2020, idk.dev

Migrating PostgreSQL from on-premises or Amazon EC2 to Amazon RDS using logical replication
27 May 2020, idk.dev

Multi-tenant data isolation with PostgreSQL Row Level Security
18 May 2020, idk.dev

Building fast refresh capability in Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL
19 May 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

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