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DBMS > Impala vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare Impala and PostgreSQL with Hive, IBM Db2 and Spark SQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.17
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score559.25
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperClouderaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.4.0, April 202013.2 , February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
ImpalaPostgreSQL
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Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much – Gigaom
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Cloudera: Impala's it for interactive SQL on Hadoop; everything else will move to Spark – Gigaom
3 July 2014, GigaOM

provided by Google News

Five tips for a smooth migration to PostgreSQL
7 May 2021, Information Age

Guest View: OLAP + OLTP = ...PostgreSQL?
12 April 2021, SDTimes.com

Rockset Enables Real-Time Analytics for MySQL and PostgreSQL
17 April 2021, DevPro Journal

Jan Wieck, Former Postgres Core Team Member, Joins Crunchy Data - PRNewswire
26 April 2021, PRNewswire

Cloud Vendors Confront 'Highest Risk' Projects: Database Migration
16 April 2021, Cloud Wars

provided by Google News

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