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DBMS > Impala vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SWC-DB

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SWC-DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSWC-DB infoSuper Wide Column Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A high performance, scalable Wide Column DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.00
Rank#353  Overall
#13  Wide column stores
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlneo4j.comorientdb.orggithub.com/­kashirin-alex/­swc-db
www.swcdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperClouderaNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPAlex Kashirin
Initial release2013200720102020
Current release3.4.0, April 20204.3.6, October 20213.1.9, February 20210.5, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoSQL-like query language, no joinsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Proprietary protocol
Thrift
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptno
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j FabricShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
ImpalaNeo4jOrientDBSWC-DB infoSuper Wide Column Database
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ImpalaNeo4jOrientDBSWC-DB infoSuper Wide Column Database
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Recent citations in the news

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10 November 2014, InformationWeek

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