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DBMS > Impala vs. MySQL vs. PostGIS

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. MySQL vs. PostGIS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSSpatial extension of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APISpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.56
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1228.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score31.52
Rank#27  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.compostgis.net
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­docpostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201319952005
Current release3.4.0, April 20208.0.25, May 20213.1.1, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL v2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes infobased on PostgreSQL
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infobased on PostgreSQL
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes infobased on PostgreSQL

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More resources
ImpalaMySQLPostGIS
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Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

A deeper dive into Facebook's MySQL 8.0 migration
23 July 2021, ZDNet

Facebook outlines lessons learned from MySQL 8.0 migration
22 July 2021, ZDNet

Rockset adds MySQL connector to real-time indexing database
9 July 2021, TechTarget

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10 July 2021, MakeUseOf

Just $20 to learn how MySQL, API’s, and forms fit into modern web development
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