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DBMS > Impala vs. MySQL vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. ScyllaDB

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. MySQL vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. ScyllaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesCassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.03
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score3.70
Rank#90  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#7  Wide column stores
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.scylladb.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmldocs.scylladb.com
DeveloperClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracleScyllaDB
Initial release2013199520112015
Current release3.4.0, April 20208.0.26, July 202121.2, September 2021Scylla Open Source 4.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)Open Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaS
Implementation languageC++C and C++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Linux
Data schemeyesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP APIProprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxnoyes, Lua
Triggersnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Electable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Eventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)no infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infooff heap cacheyes infoin-memory tables
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per object
More information provided by the system vendor
ImpalaMySQLOracle NoSQLScyllaDB
Specific characteristicsScylla is a highly-available, highly-scalable, highly-performant NoSQL database....
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
» more
Typical application scenariosAdTech ( AdGear , AppMonet , Dstillery , FullContact , MediaMath , Numberly , SAS...
» more
Key customersComcast, Grab, OlaCabs, Yahoo! Japan, IMVU, Adgear, Xandr, Zenly, Natura, Snapfish,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsScylla Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) Scylla Enterprise - subscription-based...
» more

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More resources
ImpalaMySQLOracle NoSQLScyllaDB
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