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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.82
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score924.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score114.77
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201319892014
Current release4.1.0, June 2022SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions
Triggersnoyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft SQL ServerSnowflake
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Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, WIRED

How to add a data source to Redash
5 April 2022, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Microsoft’s SQL Server 2022 is all about Azure
16 November 2022, TechCrunch

Microsoft: November updates break ODBC database connections
7 December 2022, BleepingComputer

DH2i Adds Container Sidecar Option to SQL Server HA Platform
22 November 2022, Container Journal

10 Best SQL Editor Tools in the Market
18 November 2022, Built In

Recurring attacks 'using Microsoft SQL Server rise 56%'
16 November 2022, ZAWYA

provided by Google News

Snowflake CEO Frank Slootman: FOMO Fever Hits Data Cloud!
7 December 2022, Acceleration Economy

Bright Data Launches Public Web Datasets on Snowflake Marketplace
5 December 2022, Business Wire

Hasura GraphQL APIs for Snowflake Streamline Embedded Analytics and Accelerate Data Access
7 December 2022, Datanami

What Is Snowflake? A Tutorial
18 November 2022, Built In

Why Snowflake, Datadog, and MongoDB Fell Today
5 December 2022, The Motley Fool

provided by Google News

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