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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.93
Rank#72  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoftSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release201319891994
Current release3.4.0, April 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201916.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much – Gigaom
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

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Microsoft Open Sources .NET 5 C# Language Extension for SQL Server
10 September 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

How to Exploit SQL Server Using OLE Automation
6 September 2021, Security Boulevard

Managing SQL Server Agent Jobs with Notebook Jobs in Azure Data Studio - Microsoft
31 August 2021, Channel 9

Why Activity Monitor May Be Hurting Your SQL Server's Performance
25 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

How to Exploit SQL Server Using Registry Keys
7 September 2021, Security Boulevard

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Rimini Streets adds support for open source databases -
3 September 2021, Enterprise Times

SAP HANA Cloud Offers High-Performance Management of Data for Users
20 April 2021, Inside SAP Magazine

A look inside the SAP IQ column-oriented database
10 March 2016, TechTarget

IBM, SAP partner to move financial institutions to the hybrid cloud
28 July 2021, ZDNet

SAP Unveils New Services in SAP HANA Cloud
28 April 2021, Database Trends and Applications

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