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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosofts relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.57
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1094.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score55.35
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoftSAP
Initial release201319892010
Current release3.3.0, August 2019SQL Server 2017, October 20172.0 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

More information provided by the system vendor

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Apache Impala gets top-level status as open source Hadoop tool
1 December 2017, TechTarget

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Accelerating Database Recovery with SQL Server 2019
14 October 2019, Database Journal

SQL Server takes a turn towards Kubernetes and big data
30 September 2019, TechRepublic

A navigation guide for Windows/SQL Server 2008 EOS
15 October 2019, CIO

Why SQL Server 2008's End of Life Should Be on Feds' Minds
18 September 2019, FedTech Magazine

SQL Transactional Processing Price-Performance Testing
14 October 2019, Gigaom

provided by Google News

SAP Teched Postmortem: SAP HANA Cloud’s potential impact on S/4HANA
14 October 2019, ZDNet

SAP HANA Data Platform: What does it offer?
15 October 2019, ITWeb

SAP readies bevy of HANA Cloud Services
8 October 2019, ZDNet

AWS adds giant memory-optimized instances to win over SAP HANA users
8 October 2019, SiliconANGLE News

What is SAP HANA?
30 September 2019, IT PRO

provided by Google News

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