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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.56
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score981.95
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1228.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201319891995
Current release3.4.0, April 2020SQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft SQL ServerMySQL
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Recent citations in the news

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