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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. TinkerGraph vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. TinkerGraph vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 APIA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score5.35
Rank#77  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score0.19
Rank#289  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#50  Document stores
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tablestinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlingithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoftJuxt Ltd.
Initial release2013201220092019
Current release4.0.0, July 20211.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaClojure
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnonolimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APITinkerPop 3HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Groovy
Java
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenonono
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.noneyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanooptimistic lockingnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptionalyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesno

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More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft Azure Table StorageTinkerGraphXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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