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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.93
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score17.90
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#353  Overall
#52  Document stores
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsxtdb.com/­howto/­quickstart.html
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoftJuxt Ltd.
Initial release201320162019
Current release3.4.0, April 20201.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Clojure
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyeslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQLno
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes

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More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseXTDB infoformerly named Crux
Recent citations in the news

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

Cloudera's Kudu: Like HDFS and HBase in one
28 September 2015, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Microsoft Azure wants to make working with data on its platform easier
2 November 2021, TechCrunch

Gluent Allows Customers to Migrate to Azure Synapse Analytics Faster Than Ever with the Release of Gluent Data Platform 4.3
21 November 2021, WFMZ Allentown

The route to success? Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics and Power BI
9 November 2021, Technology Record

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft open-sources SynapseML for developing AI pipelines
17 November 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

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