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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMSTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#95  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.mysql.comvaticle.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release2013201619952016
Current release3.4.0, April 20208.0.26, July 20212.3, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQLyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
ImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMySQLTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsTypeDB is a database technology that serves as the knowledge base foundation to intelligent...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of TypeDB allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMySQLTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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