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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Our visitors often compare Impala and Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics with Hive, Spark SQL and Snowflake.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoft
Initial release20132016
Current release3.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxhosted
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes

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More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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