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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasets
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.18
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score30.68
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.68
Rank#62  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tables
Technical documentationwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201320142012
Current release3.3.0, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScriptno
TriggersnoJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signatures

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More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
Recent citations in the news

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

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Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
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