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DBMS > Impala vs. Memcached vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Memcached vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopIn-memory key-value store, originally intended for cachingMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score26.02
Rank#31  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.memcached.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wikidocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperClouderaDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournalMicrosoftSAP
Initial release2013200319892010
Current release3.4.0, April 20201.6.9, November 2020SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CC++
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallityyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesnoyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocolfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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ImpalaMemcachedMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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