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DBMS > Impala vs. LeanXcale vs. Neo4j vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. LeanXcale vs. Neo4j vs. RavenDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeGraph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.68
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#296  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#136  Relational DBMS
Score58.68
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#91  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.leanxcale.comneo4j.comravendb.net
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlneo4j.com/­docsravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperClouderaLeanXcaleNeo4j, Inc.Hibernating Rhinos
Initial release2013201520072010
Current release4.1.0, June 20224.4.11, September 20225.3, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaC#
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infothrough Apache DerbynoSQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
Java
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linq
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access control on document level using the Authorization Bundle
More information provided by the system vendor
ImpalaLeanXcaleNeo4jRavenDB
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more
News

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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ImpalaLeanXcaleNeo4jRavenDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

Neo4j Nodes 2022
Online Conference, 16-17 November 2022

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