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DBMS > Impala vs. InfluxDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. InfluxDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.55
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score29.15
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score926.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#344  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release2013201319892016
Current release4.0.0, July 20212.4, August 2022SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++GoC++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Linux
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data and Stringsyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoin enterprise version onlytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoDepending on used storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberossimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ImpalaInfluxDBMicrosoft SQL ServerToroDB
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value InfluxDB is available in all the popular languages and frameworks,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Developers are witnessing the instrumentation of every available...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has more than 1,300 paying customers, including customers include MuleSoft,...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to drive 23,500 GitHub stars Over 600,000 daily active instances
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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More resources
ImpalaInfluxDBMicrosoft SQL ServerToroDB
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