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DBMS > Immudb vs. Neo4j vs. Pinecone

System Properties Comparison Immudb vs. Neo4j vs. Pinecone

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPinecone  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn open source immutable (append-only) database with cryptographic verification which makes it tamper-resistant and fully auditable.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA managed, cloud-native vector database
Primary database modelKey-value storeGraph DBMSVector DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.25
Rank#307  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Score44.47
Rank#23  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score3.29
Rank#94  Overall
#2  Vector DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­codenotary/­immudb
immudb.io
neo4j.comwww.pinecone.io
Technical documentationdocs.immudb.ioneo4j.com/­docsdocs.pinecone.io/­docs/­overview
DeveloperCodenotaryNeo4j, Inc.Pinecone Systems, Inc
Initial release202020072019
Current release1.2.3, April 20225.19, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoJava, Scala
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesString, Number, Boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like syntaxnono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
ImmudbNeo4jPinecone
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: Google Cloud, Analysis, Knowledge Graph, Relationships and more
20 April 2024

Announcing NODES 2024: Submit Your Talk
17 April 2024

ISO GQL: A Defining Moment in the History of Database Innovation
17 April 2024

This Week in Neo4j: Podcast, RAG, Neo4j Guide, ERP and more
13 April 2024

Neo4j Brings GraphRAG Capabilities for GenAI to Google Cloud
9 April 2024

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ImmudbNeo4jPinecone
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Vector databases
2 June 2023, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Codenotary Releases immudb v1.9DOM
19 October 2023, Business Wire

Codenotary brings its immutable database to the cloud
21 June 2023, TechCrunch

A Step by Step Guide to immudb — the open source immutable database
18 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Immudb: Open-source database, built on a zero trust model
17 December 2021, Help Net Security

immudb (immutable database) 'tamper-proof' database - Open Source Insider
14 December 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

provided by Google News

Neo4j Welcomes New GQL International Standard in Major Milestone for Database Industry
17 April 2024, Yahoo Finance

Knowledge graphs leveraged for enhanced AI insights
17 April 2024, SiliconANGLE News

Using Neo4j’s graph database for AI in Azure
4 April 2024, InfoWorld

Neo4j Signs Strategic Collaboration Agreement with AWS to Enhance Generative AI Results While Addressing AI ...
21 November 2023, PR Newswire

Leveraging Neo4j and Amazon Bedrock for an Explainable, Secure, and Connected Generative AI Solution | Amazon ...
10 November 2023, AWS Blog

provided by Google News

Pinecone Brings Serverless To Vector Databases
16 January 2024, Forbes

Pinecone’s new serverless database may see few takers, analysts say
17 January 2024, InfoWorld

Pinecone: New vector database architecture a 'breakthrough' to curb AI hallucinations
16 January 2024, VentureBeat

Pinecone Launches Partner Program to Bring More Companies into the AI Stack
8 April 2024, Datanami

Pinecone’s vector database gets a new serverless architecture
16 January 2024, TechCrunch

provided by Google News



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