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DBMS > Immudb vs. Neo4j vs. OceanBase

System Properties Comparison Immudb vs. Neo4j vs. OceanBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOceanBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn open source immutable (append-only) database with cryptographic verification which makes it tamper-resistant and fully auditable.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA distributed, high available RDBMS compatible with Oracle and MySQL
Primary database modelKey-value storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.24
Rank#305  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Score44.46
Rank#23  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.66
Rank#147  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­codenotary/­immudb
immudb.io
neo4j.comen.oceanbase.com
Technical documentationdocs.immudb.ioneo4j.com/­docsen.oceanbase.com/­docs/­oceanbase-database
DeveloperCodenotaryNeo4j, Inc.OceanBase infopreviously Alibaba and Ant Group
Initial release202020072010
Current release1.2.3, April 20225.19, April 20244.3.0, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoCommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like syntaxnoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Proprietary native API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada infoin MySQL-compatible model
C infoin Oracle- and MySQL- compatible models
C++ infoin Oracle- and MySQL- compatible models
D infoin MySQL-compatible model
Delphi infoin MySQL-compatible model
Eiffel infoin MySQL-compatible model
Erlang infoin MySQL-compatible model
Haskell infoin MySQL-compatible model
Java infoin Oracle- and MySQL- compatible models
JavaScript (Node.js) infoin MySQL-compatible model
Objective-C infoin MySQL-compatible model
OCaml infoin MySQL-compatible model
Perl infoin MySQL-compatible model
PHP infoin MySQL-compatible model
Python infoin MySQL-compatible model
Ruby infoin MySQL-compatible model
Scheme infoin MySQL-compatible model
Tcl infoin MySQL-compatible model
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL in oracle-compatible mode, MySQL Stored Procedure in mysql-compatible mode
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j Fabrichorizontal partitioning (by hash, key, range, range columns, list, and list columns)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication using Paxos
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ImmudbNeo4jOceanBase
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
OceanBase Database is the world’s only native distributed database that has set new...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
High Availability : The five IDCs across three sites disaster recovery solution sets...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
OceanBase Database has helped over 400 customers across industries upgrade their...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
TPC-C No.1 Performance , achieved a result of 707.35 million tpmC in the TPC-C benchmark...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Mulan PubL v2 license for open source community edition. Commercial license for enterprise...
» more
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