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DBMS > Immudb vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Immudb vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
ToroDB seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionAn open source immutable (append-only) database with cryptographic verification which makes it tamper-resistant and fully auditable.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.24
Rank#299  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
Score76.75
Rank#16  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­codenotary/­immudb
immudb.io
azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­products/­azure-sql/­databasegithub.com/­torodb/­server
Technical documentationdocs.immudb.iodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperCodenotaryMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release202020102016
Current release1.2.3, April 2022V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++Java
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hostedAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like syntaxyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
ImmudbMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureToroDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

immudb (immutable database) ‘tamper-proof’ database
14 December 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

A Step by Step Guide to immudb — the open source immutable database
18 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Codenotary brings its immutable database to the cloud
21 June 2023, TechCrunch

How Open-Source Database immudb Plans to Handle All That Metaverse Data
10 October 2022, Acceleration Economy

Codenotary’s immudb First Immutable Open Source Database to be FedRAMP Compliant
17 October 2022, Datanami

provided by Google News

Public Preview: New Azure SQL Database skills introduced to Microsoft Copilot in Azure
21 May 2024, azure.microsoft.com

Copilot in Azure SQL Database in Private Preview
27 March 2024, InfoQ.com

Getting started with delivering generative AI capabilities in SQL Server and Azure SQL
26 June 2024, Microsoft

Announcing the retirement of SQL Server Stretch Database
3 July 2024, Microsoft

Microsoft unveils Copilot for Azure SQL Database
27 March 2024, InfoWorld

provided by Google News



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