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DBMS > etcd vs. Immudb vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. Immudb vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeAn immutable database, which allows to add new versions of existing records, but never change or delete records.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelKey-value storeKey-value storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.96
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.07
Rank#311  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.15
Rank#296  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
github.com/­codenotary/­immudb
www.codenotary.com/­technologies/­immudb
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
docs.immudb.iodocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperCodenotaryMicrosoft
Initial release202020142009
Current release3.4, August 20191.0, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoGoJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
BSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like syntaxSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
gRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJavaScriptno
Triggersyes, watching key changesnoJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelno

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More resources
etcdImmudbMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTinkerGraph
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